This vignette illustrates some of the differences that must occur in a worldwide firm as it conducts its R&D effort. What are some other differences you might expect?

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THE REAL WORLD
Daikin Industries
Daikin Industries is one of the world’s largest manufacturers of air-conditioning equipment (88 percent of the firm’s sales come from air-conditioning-related products). The corporation controls approximately 20 percent of the world market and had revenues estimated at approximately $23 billion in revenue in 2009. Research and development has been a critical part of the growth and success of this Japanese firm. Today, the firm is working on new innovations in areas such as air-conditioning systems that clean the air of pollutants, adjust air humidity, and rid the air of odors.
The implementation processes for the firm’s innovation efforts are a key part of the firm’s success. Daikin is a worldwide firm. This, in part, explains why structurally the firm has established separate units that focus purely on research in electronics and mechanical engineering. These units are quasi-independent to encourage maximum creativity. The work between these and other units of the firm is coordinated by R&D planning department. In contrast, the firm has established its chemicals research area as part of the dominant unit focused on those activities. This unit is located principally in the United States. Thus, the firm structurally has responded to different markets in different ways to ensure that the maximum amount of appropriate creativity is encouraged. Where there is an environment that encourages creativity, the firm incorporates its research and development efforts in the unit. However, if the culture of the unit or country in which it is located is not supportive, the research efforts become headquartered in quasi-independent units.
Daikin also encourages maximum creativity by not specifying in extensive detail the role of different units and individuals in those units. The Corporation allows each unit and the employees within those units to look for new opportunities and be creative.
Consistent with its organizational flexibility, the firm develops what it calls a “culture of continuous action.” The belief is that the firm must act and pursue opportunities when they occur. Daikin’s view is that analysis is critical, but analysis cannot paralyze the firm. Again, culturally, the firm has clearly differentiated itself from many Japanese firms where quick action is not always a predominant value.
Within each unit, the corporation encourages a flat structure that has maximum participation by employees. The teams within these units typically are cross-functional and include individuals from various disciplines within the firm.

1. This vignette illustrates some of the differences that must occur in a worldwide firm as it conducts its R&D effort. What are some other differences you might expect?

200 WORDS

_ is a careful search for excellence; taking the absolute best as a standard and trying to surpass it.

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_ is a careful search for excellence; taking the absolute best as a standard and trying to surpass it.
Answer
1. top grading
2. bottom lining
3. pin pointing
4. benchmarking

Flow diagrams are used to analyze? a. movement of people and materials b. utilization of an operator and machine c. body movements d. time taken by various activities e. unnecessary micro motions

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Flow diagrams are used to analyze? a. movement of people and materials b. utilization of an operator and machine c. body movements d. time taken by various activities e. unnecessary micro motions

The following data were collected for the distance traveled versus time for a rocket:

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The following data were collected for the distance traveled versus time for a rocket:

t, (s) 0 25 50 75 100 125
y, (km) 0 32 58 78 92 100

Use numerical differentiation to estimate the rocket s velocity
and acceleration at each time.

MATLAB usage is recommended if applicable.

Develop investigative questions that could have been used to guide Jason and Sara’s mechanical observation study.

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Develop investigative questions that could have been used to guide Jason and Sara’s mechanical observation study.

Why are low-temperature dishwashing machines growing in popularity?

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Why are low-temperature dishwashing machines growing in popularity?

Construct a three-sigma X xhart and R chart for the length of the fuel injector. What can you say about this process?

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Construct a three-sigma X xhart and R chart for the length of the . What can you say about this process?

Which one of the following makes up the Administrative and regulatory agencies arena in which nonmarket issues for the automobile industry are addressed?

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Which one of the following makes up the Administrative and regulatory agencies
arena in which non market issues for the automobile industry are addressed?
a) Congress
b) Environmental Protection Agency
c) European Union
d) All of the above

Analyze the process of and tools used in work systems design and determine which steps or tools would be the most difficult to complete or apply correctly, and steps you could take to address the difficulties you identified.

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Analyze the process of and tools used in work systems design and determine which steps or tools would be the most difficult to complete or apply correctly, and steps you could take to address the difficulties you identified.
 

What monitoring capabilities are currently available for assessing and controlling oil flow via offshore oil rigs?

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What monitoring capabilities are currently available for assessing and controlling oil flow via offshore oil rigs? Who are the biggest suppliers of such technologies?