Write a research paper on :Marker Assisted Breeding.

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Write a research paper on :Marker Assisted Breeding.

Are there articles in the research that define best practices as they relate to the implementation of an AIS?

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Are there articles in the research that define best practices as they relate to the implementation of an AIS?

Read “State Farm: Dangerous Intersections.” What hypothesis might drive the research of one of the cities on the top 10 dangerous intersection list?

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Read “State Farm: Dangerous Intersections.” What hypothesis might drive the research of one of the cities on the top 10 dangerous intersection list?

State Farm, the nation’s largest auto insurer, distributed a list of the 10 most
dangerous intersections in the United States based on crashes resulting in claims
by its policyholders. What started as a study to reduce risk turned into an ongoing
study that directs a major public relations effort: State Farm provides funds for
communities to further research their dangerous intersections and initiate improvements
based on the research. This case tells you how the State Farm Dangerous
Intersections initiative got started and how it is done. www.statefarm.com
>Abstract
>The Scenario
State Farm Insurance has a rich history of proactive safety involvement in auto and
appliance design to reduce injury and property loss. In June 2001, State Farm
Insurance, Inc., released the second report in its Dangerous Intersection reporting
series. State Farm modeled its program after an initiative by the Insurance Corporation
of British Columbia, Canada (ICBC), and the American Automobile Association of
Michigan (AAA) to help position the nation’s largest auto insurer as the most safetyconscious
insurer. ICBC had patterned its program on an earlier effort in Victoria,
Australia. AAA, in turn, benchmarked its program on the ICBC program. AAA
invited State Farm to help fund one of its intersection studies. State Farm saw this as
an opportunity to expand its effort into a nationwide campaign in 1999. “The 2001
study is part of a larger effort focused on loss prevention and improving the safety of
intersections around the U.S.A.,” shared State Farm research engineer John
Nepomuceno. State Farm has allocated significant resources as well as funds to the
initiative. Since its inception, every city with an intersection on the overall list of
dangerous intersections is eligible to apply for a $20,000 grant to defray the cost of
a comprehensive traffic engineering study of the intersection. Additionally, each city
named to the national top 10 dangerous intersection list is eligible for a grant of
$100,000 per intersection to defray some of the cost of making improvements. All
totaled, State Farm offered $4.44 million to the safety initiative in its first year.
Due to its large market share, State Farm is the only U.S. insurer in a position to
mine its databases for the requisite information on accidents to come up with a
viable U.S. list. But it found that although it had the interest to do so, its data warehouse
did not have sufficient information to tally accident rates for intersections. To rectify
this, in 1998 State Farm included a location field as part of the data that its claims
adjusters regularly complete. This location information, in open-text format, indicates
whether the accident took place in an intersection or as part of an incident related to
an intersection accident, and identifies the intersection. Following the 1999 study,
the fields for identifying intersections were further refined.
In the first study using 1998 data (reported in June 1999) as well as the 2001
State Farm:
Dangerous Intersections
Used with permission of
Pamela S. Schindler
©2001.
Business Research Methods, 11e, Cooper/Schindler
2
study, State Farm looked at accidents involving only intersecting roads. They
excluded any accident that occurred at the intersection of a road and a highway
access or egress ramp. State Farm also looked only at accidents where the State
Farm–insured driver was at fault.
Because of the study’s focus on road safety engineering, the first study ignored
accident severity and made no attempt to isolate demographic (age or gender of
driver, driving record, etc.) or geographic (weather conditions, population of area,
etc.) factors related to the accident. It also looked only at State Farm’s own internal
incident reports, not at any public records involving traffic patterns or volume or
police incident reports. Based on industry market share information, State Farm
was able to estimate the total number of crashes at a given intersection. “There was
good reason to exclude police reports and traffic counts,” explained Nepomuceno.
“The reporting threshold for police filing reports on accidents differs widely from
jurisdiction to jurisdiction. Some will only fill out reports when personal injury or
criminal behavior is involved. Others will fill them out only when a vehicle is damaged
to the degree that it needs to be towed from the scene. Still others fill out such
reports on every incident. Traffic volume reports are often prepared infrequently
and often by independent sources. Not only may the data quality be questionable,
but the time period in which the data was collected may not match our 1998 incident
reports in every city involved. Also, when traffic volumes are factored in, low volume
roads with relatively few crashes are often deprioritized. Now that we’re through
with the 2001 study, we are asking ourselves if intersection volume should be factored
in, and if so, how it can be included without significantly increasing our effort in data
processing.”
In the 1998 study, State Farm identified 172 dangerous intersections. The top
10 most dangerous intersections in the United States were released publicly
(www.statefarm. com). Public affairs staff for each state could request that up to 10
intersections be identified for their state. “This was usually determined by the resources
that our local public affairs staff were willing to put toward the program,” shared
Nepomuceno. “Each state had to recognize a top 10 national intersection, but they
could request that no more be released or that up to 10 intersections within their
state be released.” As of August 2001, 97 cities (56.4 percent) had applied for
State Farm grants.
“While some in the media claimed we had ‘hit a home run’ with the program, we
quickly learned that there was a lot more at stake than we had anticipated in generating
goodwill with transportation engineers,” indicated Nepomuceno. “This is, after all, a
traffic safety program and we would not achieve that goal without having the
cooperation of the traffic and transportation engineering community. First, while
initially they lauded us for the attention our listing brought to traffic concerns, we and
they soon discovered that the spotlight generated demand for immediate solutions,
solutions that they often didn’t have budgets to implement. Also, from their
perspective, not all accidents are the same; locations with accidents that result in
injuries and death should be given more attention. Some jurisdictions were upset
that we didn’t consider intersection volume and we didn’t include accident rate
data.1 The fact that the State Farm grants were intended to study the intersection
State Farm: Dangerous Intersections
Business Research Methods, 11e, Cooper/Schindler
3
more completely wasn’t always seen as a solution to their immediate problems.”
To include accident severity, State Farm needed a measurement system for
classifying accidents. For the 2001 study, which used 1999 and 2000 accident data,
State Farm calculated a median property damage accident payout (approximately
$1,700). Incidents requiring payout of more than the median amount were classified
as “high severity”; those requiring less, “low severity.” Additionally, State Farm chose
to classify each accident using a multipoint scale. Zero was assigned to “no property
damage, no personal injury” incidents and a higher number was assigned to “High
property damage, personal injury” incidents, with numbers in between assigned to
levels of property damage and personal injury (see Exhibit SF 1–1). Accident scores
were summed to create an aggregate danger index for each intersection. Each
intersection was then weighted by dividing the danger index by State Farm’s market
share in the area. Of the 224 intersections identified, the top 10 were released to the
national media. Each of those 224 is now eligible for the $20,000 grant to study the
intersection to identify specific improvements; the top 10 are also eligible for $100,000
grants for improvements. In this second round, State Farm has committed $5.48
million to the safety program.
State Farm is making plans to track the success of the Dangerous Intersection
program. Once cities notify them of the completion of an intersection’s improvements,
State Farm will start tracking accidents for that intersection for a period of one year.
The first post-improvement evaluation study is expected in 2002. Additionally, State
Farm is taking steps to learn from the characteristics of the dangerous intersections.
Each grant application for an affected city’s study of a dangerous intersection must
include:
• Collection and analysis of police report data.
• An engineer’s “geometric review”2of the intersection.
• A capacity profile of the intersection.
• A traffic conflict study.3
• A benefit-cost analysis.
• A schedule of improvements (short-term, intermediate-term, and long-term).4
State Farm plans to use the new data to identify patterns of problems. This may
lead to a model of desired intersection traits against which improvement plans can
be assessed, further increasing the effectiveness of the loss prevention program and
making life a little easier for the transportation engineers with whom they must partner
to achieve safety success.
Exhibit SF 1–1 Danger Codes
No Personal Injury With Personal Injury
No property damage 0 Y
Low property damage 1 1 + Y
High property damage X X + Y
State Farm: Dangerous Intersections
Business Research Methods, 11e, Cooper/Schindler
4
1 Identify the various constructs and concepts involved in the study.
2 What hypothesis might drive the research of one of the cities on the top 10
dangerous intersection list?
3 Evaluate the methodology for State Farm’s research.
4 If you were State Farm, how would you address the concerns of transportation
engineers?
5 If you were State Farm, would you use traffic volume counts as part of the
2003 study? What concerns, other than those expressed by Nepomuceno,
do you have?

How does a flowchart help us visually understand processes?

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How does a flowchart help us visually understand processes?

Flowcharts are diagrams that illustrate the processes organizations use. Is a flow chart useful for new processes?

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Flowcharts are diagrams that illustrate the processes organizations use. Is a flow chart useful for new processes?

In gathering data to measure the effectiveness of your consultant communications, is it possible to obtain objective feedback? Why or why not? What are some methods that you can use to increase the objectivity of your results?

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In gathering data to measure the effectiveness of your consultant communications, is it possible to obtain objective feedback? Why or why not? What are some methods that you can use to increase the objectivity of your results?

What are the factors a company must be familiar with in order to select an appropriate forecast methodology? Make answer as brief as possible.

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What are the factors a company must be familiar with in order to select an appropriate forecast methodology? Make answer as brief as possible.

Describe two examples of two different higher order thinking questions that you asked someone during the week. You need to identify the level of the questions (applying, analyzing, evaluating or creating) and describe the responses you received. Discuss how you felt about asking the questions.

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Describe two examples of two different higher order thinking questions that you asked someone during the week. You need to identify the level of the questions (applying, analyzing, evaluating or creating) and describe the responses you received. Discuss how you felt about asking the questions.

What’s the difference between the data flow diagram and flowchart ? describe it in a short essay. please describe it in a easy way to understand and memorize.

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What’s the difference between the data flow diagram and flowchart ? describe it in a short essay.
please describe it in a easy way to understand and memorize.

Discuss what the type of fraud, the population you would sample and what would be the sampling unit.

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I would like for each of you to envision a type of fraud that you would like to investigate. Examples might include fictitious employees, bogus travel claims, etc. Envision a sample you would take to examine that fraud. Discuss what the type of fraud, the population you would sample and what would be the sampling unit. In your example, do you see any challenges in sampling?

word limit 500

write a 1 page paper that discuss what are validity issues that could impact research?

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write a 1 page paper that discuss what are validity issues that could impact research?

write a 1 page paper in which you discuss the characteristics of external validity?

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write a 1 page paper in which you discuss the characteristics of external validity?

Write a 1 pg paper that discuss how validity issues could impact research?

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Write a 1 pg paper that discuss how validity issues could impact research?

Write a 3 page paper in which you compare and contrast the characteristics of external, internal, and construct validity.

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Write a 3 page paper in which you compare and contrast the characteristics of external, internal, and construct validity.

write a 1 page paper that identify the threats to external and construct validity.

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write a 1 page paper that identify the threats to external and construct validity.

Write a 2 page paper that discuss how validity issues could impact research.

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Write a 2 page paper that discuss how validity issues could impact research.

The project produces reports on the impact of the internet on American lives, collecting and analyzing data on real-world developments as they intersect with the virtual world.

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To see examples of the ways in which reports are written and disseminated, visit the Pew Internet & American Life Project. The project produces reports on the impact of the internet on American lives, collecting and analyzing data on real-world developments as they intersect with the virtual world. Following data collection, the results are written into the reports and posted as PDFs to the Web site. Visit the Project Web pages to see examples of the ways in which reports are first presented and then rewritten by the press for their audience and purpose.

Question – Go to the Web site and browse through the reports. Select a report and briefly summarize it.

Criteria – One paragraph long for summary and no page requirement; don’t forget to explain its purpose and the report’s audience in another short paragraph.

References:
http://www.pewinternet.org/
http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2012/Future-of-Money/Overview.aspx

Discuss the steps and/or actions you can take to validate the reliability and accuracy of the information you obtain.

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Rate, from the best to the worst, each of the sources you indicated in #1 above as being sources you will use in your analysis in terms of its probable reliability. Discuss the steps and/or actions you can take to validate the reliability and accuracy of the information you obtain.

What is the difference between primary and secondary research methods?

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What is the difference between primary and secondary research methods? Provide an example of how each of these could be used.

150 words or more list any ref used

How can you create a balance between your own analysis and the source material?

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How can you create a balance between your own analysis and the source material?

Identify and describe some of your initial reactions to the article. What jumped out at you? Did this article spark a desire in you to design a similar study? Why or why not?

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As in last week’s Discussion, you and your colleagues will be responding to a research article, this time you will select the quantitative study “Uptake of Guidelines to Avoid and Report Exposure to Blood and Body Fluids.”
Begin by assessing your reactions when you read the article. What new ideas and questions came to you? Now consider how quantitative and qualitative research in particular, what you learned from the readings by Duffy (2005) and Williamson (2005) about the cross-sectional survey design. Consider if this was an appropriate design for exploring Cutter and Jordan’s research problem. How would the research study have been different if researchers had employed a mixed-methods design?
• Post your thoughts on the research article, addressing the following:
o Identify and describe some of your initial reactions to the article. What jumped out at you? Did this article spark a desire in you to design a similar study? Why or why not?
o Now evaluate the choice of this quantitative design in light of the study’s research problem. Explain why it is or is not an appropriate design choice.
o Briefly describe how the study would have been different if, instead of a cross-sectional survey design, the researchers had used a mixed-methods design.

Explain two of the benefits of using a theory or conceptual model to guide a research study. Suggest one possible disadvantage of this.

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You are also asked to reflect on the merits of having a theory or conceptual model provide direction for research. Building from your readings in the Parker and Smith textbook, you are asked to identify one of the theories or conceptual frameworks you have studied in some depth and suggest how it could be tested through a research study. To prepare for this Discussion, select one theory or theorist and consider how the theory relates to your practice setting.
With these thoughts in mind
o Briefly summarize the theory you reviewed and relate the theory to your practice setting.
o Explain two of the benefits of using a theory or conceptual model to guide a research study. Suggest one possible disadvantage of this.
o Briefly describe a research study that could test your selected theory or conceptual framework.
o How could you implement this theory and your proposed research into your practice setting?

What are the design elements: (independent variable [IV], and dependent variable [DV]) and operational definitions?

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Answer these questions you have to read the article first:
“Smells like clean spirit”. each answer has to be half page total 1 1/2 page

http://www.goallab.nl/publications/documents/Holland,%20Hendriks,%20Aarts%20(2005)%20-%20noncsious%20effects%20of%20scent%20on%20behavior.pdf

1) What are the design elements: (independent variable [IV], and dependent variable [DV]) and operational definitions?

2) What are the potential confounding variables?

3) What are the strengths and weaknesses of the study design?

which are debates that are constantly on the minds of people and in the media.

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The last four discussion boards (Units III-VI) were hot topic issues, which are debates that are constantly on the minds of people and in the media. For this discussion board, your assignment will be to find a hot topic issue, one that is current and has been in the media this week or last week. Follow the steps below:
1. Begin your post with the reference list citation of the article that you found.
2. Write a short summary of the topic of the article. You might address the following questions: What is the topic? Where is the controversy taking place? Who is involved in the issue? What is the main concern or controversy? What are the experts saying about the issue? What kind of issue is it: political, economic, social, etc.?
3. Give your perspective. You might address the following questions: What do you think about the controversy? Do you think it is news worthy? What larger issues does the controversy allude to that might not be discussed directly within the article? What do you think should be done?
If you quote from the reading, use quotation marks and supply an in-text citation with the author’s last name, date of publication, and page number. If you include outside sources (for example, if you quote an additional news article), you need to use in-text citations and include reference list citations. 20 words per question

Do a search on scholar.google.com on just the topic of the book. Scan several screens. Has the topic been studied by many different people?

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Question 1. Book Title and subtitle:
Question 2. In the table, list each author by name and indicate what their credentials are. Credentials might include a degree (e.g., M.S., Ph.D., M.D.). If you list a degree, also list the discipline or field of the degree (e.g., Psychology, Dentistry, Biology, Fine Arts). If no degree is mentioned, list any experience that might lend credence to the author.
Question 3a. Go online to http://scholar.google.com and do a search on the author/s and the book topic. What did you find? (e.g., Has the author published on this topic in peer-reviewed sources? How many are there? Have all authors published?)

Question 3b. Do a search on scholar.google.com on just the topic of the book. Scan several screens. Has the topic been studied by many different people? If so, list some of the most common names.
Question 4a. Is there a reference section? Yes/No
Question 4b. If there is a reference section, what kinds of sources are listed? In what quantity? (e.g., Are there mostly books or mostly scientific journal articles listed?) Do the names you identified in 3b appear in the reference section?
Question 5a. Are there comments or recommendations about the book by others? Yes/ No
Question 5b. If there are comments, who made them and what are their credentials?
Question 5c.Are the credentials of the others scientifically credible? What makes you say so?
Question 6. To what extent do think this book likely reflects legitimate scientific knowledge? Use what you have learned in Chapter 1 and your answers to these questions to support your judgment.

A rsearcher wants to study the use of profanity in public by adults. Describe how a study would be designed using the following research methods: survey, experiment, and naturalistic observation. Explain the features, benefits, and limitations of each method.

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A rsearcher wants to study the use of profanity in public by adults. Describe how a study would be designed using the following research methods: survey, experiment, and naturalistic observation. Explain the features, benefits, and limitations of each method. 150 words

Describe how a study would be designed using the following research methods: survey, experiment, and naturalistic observation. Explain the features, benefits, and limitations of each method.

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A researcher wants to study the use of profanity in public by adults. Describe how a study would be designed using the following research methods: survey, experiment, and naturalistic observation. Explain the features, benefits, and limitations of each method. 150 Words

Given an intellectual, scientific research question that investigates human behavior and mental processes apply the empirical approach of the social sciences in order to define, analyze, and formulate answers that may support various solutions to the problem.

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Given an intellectual, scientific research question that investigates human behavior and mental processes apply the empirical approach of the social sciences in order to define, analyze, and formulate answers that may support various solutions to the problem.

Complete a final clean, revised, documented (MLA or APA) research paper. Submit your final research paper to your mentor.

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Research Paper Submission
Complete a final clean, revised, documented (MLA or APA) research paper. Submit your final research paper to your mentor.
Remember that your research paper should consist of between 5 and 10 pages of text. In addition to these pages, please include a cover page and a Works Cited page. The Works Cited page must include a minimum of 5 sources.
If you are interested in knowing how your paper will be graded, click the following link. It shows the standards that will be used for grading.

Hypothesis testing is a quite common technique used by researchers. What are the steps to conduct a hypothesis test?

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Hypothesis testing is a quite common technique used by researchers.
What are the steps to conduct a hypothesis test?
How does a researcher determine which statistical test to conduct? How does a researcher determine which level of significance to use?
What software programs can be used to compute these tests? Where is the critical test value found?
How can one determine if the null hypothesis should be rejected?
Justify your answers using examples and reasoning.